What will the emergency health law passed by Parliament change?

What will the emergency health law passed by Parliament change?

What will the emergency health law passed by Parliament change?

A state of is declared for a period of two from 24 March 2020.

. is detailed in the

. It details the measures adopted in the context of the state of emergency.

Containment and transport limitation measures


are completed. Until March 31, 2020, travel outside the home is prohibited except in the following cases:

travel between home and ;

travel for the purchase of supplies for professional activity;

travel for purchases of basic necessities in shops authorised to remain open;

travel for health reasons;

travel for compelling family reasons (assistance to vulnerable persons, childcare);

short trips for physical activity, walking the children, taking pets out. These trips must not give rise to group gatherings and group games,

their duration is limited to one hour per day, it is forbidden to move more than one kilometre away from home


travel in response to a summons from the police or justice department;

travel to take part in missions of general interest at the request of the administrative authority.

The decree prohibits until 15 April 2020 any gathering, meeting or activity of more than 100 people, in closed or open environments.


defined on 16 March 2020 is completed. Henceforth,

market is also prohibited
. Local derogations are possible. They are granted by the prefect on the advice of the mayor.

Price control measures

The decree sets, until 31 May 2020, the selling price of hydro-alcoholic gels. The retail selling price is thus established as follows:

50 millilitre (ml) bottle: 2 euros all taxes included (TTC)

bottle of 100 ml : 3 euros TTC

bottle of 500 ml : 5 euros TTC

bottle of one liter: 15 euros TTC

Requisition measures

Until May 31, 2020, are requisitioned to ensure priority access to caregivers and patients:

stocks of respiratory protection masks (types FFP2, FFP3, N95, etc.) held by any entity (company, association, public body…) under public or private ;

stocks of anti-projection masks complying with standard EN 14683 held by companies that manufacture or distribute them.

As regards stocks of imported masks, they may be requisitioned in whole or in part by an order of the Minister of Health above a certain threshold.

The second round of municipal elections, which to be held on 22 March 2020, has been postponed “at the latest” to the month of

June 2020

. Its date will be fixed by decree.

If the second round cannot take place in June 2020, the voters will then be summoned later for two rounds of voting (the results of the first round on 15 March 2020 will be cancelled). On the other hand, the councillors elected in the first round on 15 March remain elected.

Municipal and community councillors who elected in the first round

take up their duties on a date fixed by decree, no later than the month of June,

after obtaining the opinion of the Committee of Scientists. The first meeting of the municipal council shall be held no earlier than five days and no later than 10 days after the taking up of office. The term of office of councillors in office 15 March 2020 shall be extended until that date.

The is authorized to take, three months of the publication of the Act, interim measures by ordinance to respond to the containment situation in the country.
These measures concern many areas. They include the following:

and supporting companies’ cash flow in order to limit bankruptcies and layoffs

(creation of a solidarity fund with the participation of the regions for small businesses, extension of the scope of short-time working, increased capacity of the Public Investment Bank to provide guarantees, deferral of social and fiscal charges and deferment of rent, gas and electricity bills for small businesses and small shops, etc.) ;

adapting labour law to enable companies to cope with the organisational difficulties they face (branch or company agreement authorising the employer to

impose dates for taking days off within the six-day limit

(e.g. possibility for the employer to unilaterally impose or modify the dates of the days of reduced working time) ;

to modify the law on collective procedures and companies in difficulty in order to better anticipate company failures ;

to lighten company law (simplified holding of general meetings of all kinds, including co-ownership trustees…) ;

adapt administrative and jurisdictional procedures to the health crisis.

(on legal time limits, the rules of criminal procedure…) ;

to facilitate the

early child care

in the context of the closure of childcare facilities (e.g. all childminders will temporarily be able to take care of up to six children at the same time);


to postpone the end of the winter truce to 31 May 2020

for rental evictions;

to continue to vulnerable groups (disabled, elderly, poor…);

to allow the

maintenance of the rights of the insured persons
and their access to care

(in particular to avoid breaks in case of impossibility to fill in a file);

make the

local government operating rules

(Extended delegation of authority given to mayors…).

The government is also authorised to extend by ordinance the period of validity of residence documents issued to foreigners (residence permit, certificate of asylum application, etc.) which expire between 16 March and 15 May 2020, up to a maximum of six months.

In the context of the closure of cinemas

linked to the Covid-19 epidemic, the president of the Centre national du cinéma et de l’image animée (CNC) is authorised to exceptionally derogate from the rules of media chronology for film releases on 14 March.

Some films will be available earlier, notably in video-on-demand (VOD).

From the date of publication of the law until the end of the state of emergency, the

Sick leave is compensated from the first day of absence.

(Suspension of the day of default).

Finally, the law generally extends by four months all the time limits for issuing orders provided for in laws already passed.