Japan’s misogyny has deep, partly religious roots.
Like the Catholic Church, Buddhism does not welcome women except reluctantly. It considers them an opportunity for distraction and contamination. Shinto, on the contrary, sees them in a more positive way. A woman is not welcome in a Buddhist temple except as a visitor, while the presence of women, whether virgins or not (I am not joking), is normal in a Shinto shrine.
The woman is considered dirty because she has her period, and recently there was a scandal due to the fact that a female doctor had entered the sumo ring to help a heart attack and was asked out. The event is outrageous, but on the other hand it caused a scandal.
Hozumi Nobushige in her
talks about the woman and divides the evolution of her role in Japan into three phases.
The first is the initial period, before the arrival of the Chinese codes. Women in the first period had a relatively high social status. Ascension to the imperial throne was allowed and in fact the first invasion of Korea was initiated by Empress Jingo. The invasion in turn began the second stage, as the returning armies brought back the Chinese codes that started the evolution of Japanese law and a drastic change in the role of women. The Chinese defined the role of women in terms of the Three Obediences. A woman had to obey her father before she married, her husband afterwards, and her male children if they were widowed.
Hozumi attributes much of the responsibility for change to Buddhism, stating that she defines women as impure, a temptation to virtue and an obstacle to holiness.
A woman could be divorced from her husband for one of seven reasons, namely 1) infertility 2) indolence 3) disobedience to her in-laws 4) loquacity 5) theft 6) jealousy and 7) illness. The divorce was a unilateral decision of the male.
However, she still had every right that a male had until she married, because in that case those rights would go to her husband.
During the Edo period (from 1603 to 1868) the woman had no legal existence.
Now the woman has made great strides, but her career in politics and industry is still precluded. On the contrary, the poor man is her husband.
Being a male, I don’t know how sure a misogynistic country like this can be. You’d have to ask a woman.
The official figures on rape are low and I must say that foreign women generally seem to think Japan is safe. On the other hand.
those who take advantage of the crowd on the trains to harass girls are legion, so I would doubt the validity of certain estimates. Furthermore, a redefinition of the crime has led to a 27% increase in its frequency in 2017.
Prudence is necessary.