I would end up with
them. The ministerial system we have is inspired by the European parliamentary democracies, where the different portfolios are used as a bargaining chip in the composition of alliances between parties. But Brazil is not a parliamentary democracy, so the idea of exchanging ministries for alliances ends up being a stimulus to corruption and alliances for interests. So, in order to make these spurious compositions less attractive, I would bring Brazil’s management model closer to the American one.
On one side we would have the president of the republic and his direct advisors, on the other the parliament.
There would be no political “ministries”, but departments within the government, with career officials and commanded by department heads with fixed mandates, such as in the U.S., where there is the Department of Defense, the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of Justice, etc. These departments would have autonomy to carry out their activities with a lesser degree of immediate political interference and would help bring stability to public policy.
Department of Justice, which would include the Attorney General’s Office and the Public Prosecutor’s Office (the latter taken out of the judiciary).
Department of Defense.
Department of Security, which would include all public security policies, the Federal Police, the National Security Force and the secret service.
Department of State, which would include the Civil House and the functions of institutional relations with other powers and states.
Department of Education, Science and Technology.
Department of Culture, Public Heritage and the Environment.
Department of Public Policies, which would include Health, Human Rights and Labor Policy.
State Chancellery, which would handle international relations.
Department of Finance, which would handle tax collection, circulation, economic policy and banking supervision.
Department of Infrastructure, which would take care of long-term economic planning and public works.
Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
Department of Industry and Trade.